What Goes Into Making A Vegan Wine
Posted by DMV Distributing on March 27, 2019
Wine is made from fermented grapes — and grapes are a fruit. Vegan foods are those that do not come from animals. So, it stands to reason that all wine would be vegan, right?
While the main ingredient in wine is a fruit, and therefore vegan, animal products are sometimes used during the winemaking process — meaning the product itself is not vegan. In fact, you might be surprised by the number of wines that are not vegan.
So, what goes into making a vegan wine? And what happens during the winemaking process that makes it so most wines are not vegan? We’ve got the answers for you right here.
What happens during the winemaking process?
Most wine goes through a clarification process called “fining” when it is being made, regardless of origin or type. This is because, when a wine is young, it is cloudy and contains minute molecules like phenolics, tartrates, proteins, and tannins. This is a perfectly natural occurrence, but most wine drinkers tend to prefer their wines crisp, bright, and clear — which is accomplished through the fining process. The quality, taste, and safety of the wine are not compromised in any way during filtration.
Over time, most wines will fine and stabilize on their own. However, many producers will add fining agents to speed up the process. These agents help coagulate the molecules that produce the haze. The molecules clump together, forming larger — and fewer — particles, which means that they can be removed much easier. This type of fining clarifies the wine in a shorter amount of time than letting nature takes its course, getting it out of the winery and into your glass more quickly!
The fining agents used during this process are typically animal products, including:
Gelatin (animal protein)
Casein (milk protein)
Isinglass (fish bladder protein)
Albumin (egg whites)
All four of these agents are off limits for vegans, who do not consume products that have been derived from or processed using animal products.
What are some vegan alternatives and how do you know your wine has them?
More and more, winemakers are looking to move away from traditional fining agents. Clay-based agents like bentonite work well and are becoming increasingly popular. Activated charcoal is another vegan friendly fining agent that is currently being used. And some winemakers are foregoing fining agents altogether and letting nature take its course. These wines typically carry the label “Not Filtered” or “Not Fined.”
Currently, there are no regulations that require ingredients to be listed on wine. And unfortunately, most companies don’t label their wine as vegan friendly, so finding a vegan wine can be quite difficult. Wines like Lion & Dove — DMV Distributing's new label debuting in April 2019 — are Certified Vegan and conveniently marked as such for consumers.
Why does it matter if wine is vegan - or not vegan - if I'm not vegan?
While vegan wine is known for its high quality, the main reason that vegan wine matters is because consumers prefer brands that are transparent. Companies that are honest and open about their products and business practices — like producers of labeled vegan wine — are sought after. And this is not just another trend — the movement is centuries old and here to stay.
People are more concerned than ever about what they put into their bodies. They read labels and seek out products that carry specific certifications and endorsements. Alcohol does not have any labeling regulations or requirements. It does not fall under the purview of the USDA nor the FDA. This leaves winemakers to follow their own practices — and they are not held to any certain standards regarding how a wine is labeled.
Even non-vegans are looking for brands that promote humane and sustainable farming alternatives. In fact, studies show that more and more consumers have a general mistrust of food manufacturers in terms of product labeling and food safety. Clearer, truthful labels would serve to increase trust in brands for many consumers. But even beyond that, it is important to know what you are putting into your body, be it food or drink — including wine.
At DMV Distributing, we carry a wide variety of fine wines — including vegan wines. We believe in the quality and importance of vegan wine so much so that we made sure our Lion & Dove wines achieved Certified Vegan status. And whether you are planning a special event or adding to your collection, we have the perfect wine for you. Browse our product list to discover your next favorite wine.